شکل های شیمیایی و زیست فراهمی روی در یک خاک آهکی تحت تأثیر لجن فاضلاب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم خاک دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 استادیار گروه علوم خاک دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

3 دانشیار گروه علوم خاک دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

چکیده

توزیع، تحرک و زیست­فراهمی عناصر در محیط تنها وابسته به غلظت کل آنها نیست بلکه به فاز جامدی که با آن­ها پیوند یافته نیز مرتبط است. هدف از این تحقیق، تعیین شکل­ها و ارزیابی زیست فراهمی روی در یک خاک آهکی تیمار شده با لجن فاضلاب با استفاده از روش عصاره‌گیری دنباله‌ای بود. بدین منظور، آزمایشی گلخانه‌ای با شش سطح لجن (0، 5/22، 45، 90، 180، 360 تن در هکتار) بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 4 تکرار به مدت 90 روز با کشت گیاه اسفناج اجرا گردید. نتایج نشان داد مقدار روی قابل استخراج با DTPA با کاربرد لجن فاضلاب افزایش معنی­دار یافت. کاربرد لجن فاضلاب موجب افزایش معنی‌دار همه شکل‌های روی ­گردید. بیشترین افزایش مربوط به شکل کربناتی به میزان تقریباً 60 برابر تیمار شاهد بود. با این وجود، کاربرد لجن فاضلاب سبب تغییر ترتیب و نسبت شکل­های مختلف روی گردید. به­گونه­ای­که، در خاک شاهد، اجزاء مختلف روی بدین ترتیب بود: روی تبادلی < روی کربناتی < پیوند یافته با ماده آلی < پیوند یافته با اکسید­های آهن و منگنز < باقی­مانده. در مقابل، ترتیب اجزا ناشی از اعمال تیمارهای لجن فاضلاب به­صورت زیر تغییر یافت: روی تبادلی < پیوند یافته با ماده آلی < روی کربناتی < پیوند یافته با اکسید­های آهن و منگنز < باقی­مانده. نتایج همچنین نشان داد در اثر کاربرد لجن فاضلاب غلظت روی در اندام هوایی اسفناج در همه تیمارها در حد سمیت بود.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Chemical Forms and Bioavailability of Zinc in a Calcareous Soil Treated with Sewage Sludge

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Baghbani 1
  • M. Baranimotlgh 2
  • E. Dordipour 3
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